Wellness Resource Center
Wellness Resource Center

Drugs


Marijuana

The Facts

THC: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol… Scientists have learned a great deal about how THC acts in the brain to produce its many effects. When someone smokes marijuana, THC rapidly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream, which carries the chemical to the brain and other organs throughout the body.

THC acts upon specific sites in the brain, called cannabinoid receptors, kicking off a series of cellular reactions that ultimately lead to the "high" that users experience when they smoke marijuana. Some brain areas have many cannabinoid receptors; others have few or none. The highest density of cannabinoid receptors are found in parts of the brain that influence pleasure, memory, thoughts, concentration, sensory and time perception, and coordinated movement.
NIDA InfoFacts:marijuana. (2009, June). Retrieved from http://drugabuse.gov/infofacts/marijuana.html#anchor

Impaired Driving

Marijuana affects many skills required for safe driving: alertness, concentration, coordination, and reaction time. Marijuana use can make it difficult to judge distances and react to signals and sounds on the road.

Marijuana may play a role in car accidents. In one study conducted in Memphis, TN, researchers found that, of 150 reckless drivers who were tested for drugs at the arrest scene, 33 percent tested positive for marijuana, and 12 percent tested positive for both marijuana and cocaine. Data has also shown that while smoking marijuana, people show the same lack of coordination on standard "drunk driver" tests as do people who have had too much to drink. National Institute on Drug Abuse(2008). Marijuana: facts for teens.
Retrieved from http://www.nida.nih.gov/MarijBroch/Marijteens.html

Addiction

Long-term marijuana use leads to addiction in some people. That is, they cannot control their urges to seek out and use marijuana, even though it negatively affects their family relationships, school performance, and recreational activities. According to one study, marijuana use by those who have prior antisocial problems can quickly lead to addiction. In addition, some frequent, heavy marijuana users develop "tolerance" to its effects. This means they need larger and larger amounts of marijuana to get the same desired effects as they used to get from smaller amounts. National Institute on Drug Abuse(2008). Marijuana: facts for teens.
Retrieved from http://www.nida.nih.gov/MarijBroch/Marijteens.html

How to help a friend

We can help! The Wellness Resource Center has options for someone who is struggling with marijuana use. Encourage your friends to visit e-Toke or call 573-882-4634 for more information.

Prescription Drug Abuse

Study Drugs... The 411

Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta, Dexadrine are all classified as STIMULANTS and are being used on college campuses to increase energy, alertness, mood and well being.

These study drugs come with their own set of risks if they are taken without the advice of a doctor and prescription: irregular heartbeat, high body temperatures, cardiovascular failure, seizures, hostility, paranoia, DEATH.

So what? Here's what! The consequences in the state of Missouri for being caught with non-prescribed pharmaceuticals…

Possession or control of a controlled substance penalty. 195.202 1. Except as authorized by sections 195.005 to 195.425 it is unlawful for any person to possess or have under his control a controlled substance. User of controlled substance to keep it in container in which obtained. 195.110 A person whom or for whose use any controlled substance in Schedule II has been prescribed, sold or dispensed by a physician, dentist, podiatrist or pharmacist, or other person authorized under the provision s of section 195.050 and the owner of any animal for which any such drug has been prescribed, sold, or dispensed, by a veterinarian, may lawfully possess it only in the container in which it was delivered to him by the person selling or dispensing the same.
Information from Columbia Police Department, November 2009

If you need more info on study tips, time management or campus resources for making the Chancellor's List without abusing prescription meds, call 573-882-4634 and make an appointment with us today.

5 Things You Should Know About Prescription Drugs


1. When you take medications that have been prescribed for someone else, the result can be serious adverse health effects, including addiction. (NIDA InfoFacts: Prescription and Over-the-Counter-Medications).

2. The 4 commonly abused pharmaceutical drugs are:

  1. Opioids: medications used to relieve pain
  2. Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants: used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders
  3. Stimulants: increase attention, alertness and/or energy
  4. Dextromethorphan (DXM): cough syrup and cold medications

3. Risks: high body temperature, high blood pressure, feelings of paranoia, irregular heart rate and difficulty breathing, addiction and even death. Possession of a controlled substance, such as a medication without a prescription, can lead to serious legal ramifications whether you are giving others your medication or you possess medication without a prescription.

4. 9 out of 10 MU Students DO NOT abuse prescription medications (MCHBS 2010). If you need tips on how to relieve stress, develop time management and study skills, call us at 573-882-4634 and we will assist you in coming up with strategies to help YOU succeed!

5. Concerned about keeping your prescriptions to yourself? Keep all prescribed medications in their original bottle. Keep medications locked when you are away from your room. Count your pills and track how many are remaining until your prescription expires or needs renewed. If your prescriptions are lost or stolen, report it immediately to MU Campus Police or Columbia Police.

Date Rape Drugs

Date rape drugs or predatory drugs such as GHB, Rohypnol, Ecstasy and Ketamine can be slipped into your drink causing severe intoxication, blackouts, and impaired judgment. If you suspect this has happened to you or a friend, it is important to get help immediately, call MU Campus or Columbia Police, dial 911.

Alcohol is the #1 predatory drug because it is easy to get and low cost. For more information on how to keep you and your friends safe when out on the town, check out the alcohol tab on this site!

Tips to stay safe:


  1. Watch your drinks. Watch when they poured and don't set them down! If you set your drink down, get a new one rather than return to it.
  2. Count your drinks, know your limits! Look out for drinks in a common container like "jungle juice" where the contents are unknown.
  3. Use a designated driver, check in with each other, stick together, know the effects of predatory drugs and make sure you all stay safe!

New Trends

K-2


What is it?
K-2 is a mixture of herbs and spices applied with a synthetic chemical compound (psychotropic drug JWH- 018 and JWH-073) similar to THC, the active ingredient in marijuana.

Risks
hallucinations (can be intense), severe agitation, vomiting elevated heart rate, elevated blood pressure, tremors and seizures, anxiety, numbness and tingling

Is it dangerous?
Yes, it can be. JWH 018 and its cousins have a chemical structure shared with known cancer-causing agents. These agents bind much more tightly to the body's cannabinoid receptors than THC does. Source: Iowa Substance Abuse Information Center, http://www.drugfreeinfo.org/k2.html

Is it legal?
No, not in Missouri! There is no current federal regulation regarding K-2 but Missouri statue classifies K2 and Spice as a controlled substance under sections 195.017 and 195.202 for the full details of the law see below.

K2 and Spice, Sections 195.017 and 195.202
Section 195.017 was amended to add substances, including those commonly found in K2 and Spice, to the controlled substances schedules. Specifically, Schedule I was amended to include: 5-MeO-DMT or 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine, its isomers, salts, and salts of isomers; Dexanabinol,(6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10atetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol; Indole, or 1-butyl-3(1-naphthoyl) indole; Indole, or 1-pentyl-3(1-naphthoyl) indole; Phenol, CP 47, 497 & homologues, or 2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol), where side chain n=5, and homologues where side chain n-4,6, or 7. Schedule II was amended to include: Tapentadol and any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of Amyl nitrite or Butyl nitrite. Schedule III was amended to include: Boldione;

Hookah


What the hookah?!
A hookah is a water pipe used for smoking shisha or a mixture of fermented tobacco that is often flavored with fruit, candies or alcohol. It is a cultural tradition that has been used amongst family and friends as a celebratory and social practice for centuries. Other names include Narghile, Hubble bubble, Water pipe, Shisha.

It smells better than cigarettes so it must be safer, right? WRONG!
Because when you smoke hookah you are smoking tobacco, you are still exposing your lungs to nicotine and tar. In fact, because the water works to cool the smoke, higher volumes of smoke are inhaled. During a one hour hookah session with multiple mouth pieces, the user can consume as much carbon monoxide and tar equivalent to 100 cigarettes!

Interested in quitting today? Need more information? Call 573-882-4634

Relaxation Drinks or Liquid Pot


What are they?
"Drank" is being sold in convenience stores across the U.S. as an anti-energy drink that slows the body down with what the makers claim is an all natural blend of melatonin, valerian root, rose hips and other ingredients known for their calming effects. Source: Missouri Partners in Prevention http://pip.missouri.edu/hot_topic.html

The Verdict
The jury is still out, and little is known about what is really in these mystery drinks or their true impact. For relaxation and stress relief tips, browse the stress section of this site or call 573-882-4634 and make an appointment to discuss today!

Narcotics

What is a narcotic?
A narcotic is a substance that distorts the senses in a way that causes euphoria, stupor, or coma.1 The drugs are grown from opiates, or produced synthetically. They are extremely addictive and illegal. Common narcotics are cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, methamphetamine, and opiates.

Why do people use narcotics?
Many people use narcotics to forget their troubles and experience the euphoric feeling narcotics create. Stress has a major influence of an individual's choice to use narcotics. Some also use to experiment, or as a production of peer-pressure.2

What can happen when you take narcotics?
Even taking the smallest dose of a narcotic produces negative effects. It is very possible to become addicted to narcotics after just one use. Narcotic use can have very detrimental effects on the health of an individual, including infections such as HIV/AIDS, brain disorders, loss of endorphin (natural painkillers) production, and liver dysfunction. Excessive use can also lead to very serious consequences such as death. Possessing narcotics or narcotic paraphernalia can lead to serious legal repercussions, which include short or long-term detainment.2

What are some signs I can look for to help a friend?
Some telltale signs that someone may be addicted to narcotics are the following:
  1. Deterioration of appearance
  2. Drop in attendance or performance at school/work
  3. Unexplained change in personality and frequent hostility or mood swings
  4. Sudden change in activities or friend choice.3

5 Things We Bet You Didn't Know About Narcotics!


  1. The United States possesses 60% of the world's narcotics, but only contains 5% of the world's population.
  2. Narcotic use is linked to at least half of the major crimes in the country. Over half of those arrested for violent crimes were under the influence or avid users of narcotics.
  3. The first hypodermic needle was invented in 1848. The first morphine addict, the wife of the inventor, followed this shortly after.
  4. Two thirds of heroin and cocaine users admit to spending $50 a day on illicit drugs, which is $18, 250 per year. That's over two years of tuition for Missouri residents at MU. 4
  5. Drug use will cost Americans over $484 billion dollars per year. This includes health care, crime costs, and lost job wages. 5
1. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/narcotic
2. http://youthondrugs.com/drugs/narcotics
3. http://www.helpguide.org/mental/drug_substance_abuse_addiction_signs_effects_treatment.htm
4. http://www.straight.com/article/cops-report-states-how-much-drug-users-spend
5. http://www.drug-addiction-support.org/Narcotics-Use-Facts.html